How can hormones affect weight loss

Some people are unable to reach their weight loss goals even after regular exercise and a balanced diet. This can be due to hormonal imbalances. Many people don’t know about the association between weight loss and hormones. Sometimes a fit exercise regime and a healthy diet might not be sufficient to fix these hormonal issues. In this article, we are going to discuss the relationship between weight loss and hormones.

Hormones manage a lot of functions in our body from immunity to puberty. Hormones are small control units of our body. They control our emotions, growth, revamp immune system when required and help develop the systems of our body. They also coordinate information between the systems to make sure all systems function properly. A hormone imbalance can occur due to the lack of activity, poor diet or unhealthy lifestyle and body changes due to aging like menopause.

Major hormones which affect weight loss are:

Cortisol: cortisol is also known as the stress hormone. Cortisol hormone is involved in many processes of the body including regulation of blood pressure, metabolism and blood sugar levels. During stressful periods, our body produces a high amount of cortisol. A lot of researches show that higher levels of cortisol for longer time periods may cause weight gain.

Serotonin: serotonin has an important role in controlling our appetite. It is also significantly affected by stress. Chronic stress may lead to a massive decrease in serotonin levels. As a result, the craving for sugary foods and carbohydrates increases. It happens because these foods can help boost the production of serotonin. Eating too many sugary foods and carbohydrates on regular basis cause unhealthy weight gain.

Thyroid hormones: thyroid hormones play a significant role in maintaining a healthy weight. These hormones help to regulate metabolism. Less production of thyroid hormone i.e. hypothyroidism can slow down your metabolism that can make it difficult to lose weight. On the other hand, too much production of thyroid hormone i.e. hyperthyroidism can overdrive your metabolism which makes it difficult to gain weight. Healthy levels of thyroid hormones are very important to maintain a healthy weight.

Estrogen: high levels of estrogen can increase insulin which leads to sugar cravings. It boosts fatty tissue growth. This extra fat usually stored around the belly. Estrogen also dictate how the body distributes fat in different parts. High levels estrogen cause fluid retention.

Insulin: insulin is produced by the pancreas and helps regulate blood sugar in the body. Imbalanced insulin can be as a result of excessive weight gain or loss. If your body has imbalanced insulin levels, you can lose energy, raised blood sugar and gain weight. The imbalanced product of insulin can be the reason you are struggling to lose weight.


Hormones play a huge role in body functions. It is important to be aware of hormonal imbalances when you are trying to lose weight, it is essential to focus on correcting your hormonal issues first. Hormones impact so many things such as energy levels, mood, and weight. Hormones control everything that leads to weight loss including the amount of muscle gain, energy levels, and metabolism.